Strengthening leadership abilities among adolescent girls

(MainsGS2:Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.)


  • The world today is home to a transformative generation of 900 million adolescent girls and young women poised to shape the future of work and growth.

Leadership to flourish:

  • India, home to one of the largest generations of girls and young women, has undertaken wide-ranging initiatives across the critical domains.
  • India provides education, health, digital and financial inclusion, leadership building, and has established feasible frameworks to help in the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 5, which envisions the world to be a more gender equal place by 2030.
  • To unleash the gender dividend and create conditions for female leadership to flourish, women at all levels of society must have inclusion in the Information and Communications Technology (ICT), bodily autonomy and safety, shared responsibility within the household, and equal participation in decision-making spaces.

Access to digital technology:

  • As access to digital technology increasingly becomes an arena of opportunity and basic service for children and young people, EdTech gives us tools to bridge part of the accessibility gap in education through hybrid learning models, even where girls’ access to schooling is restricted by harmful norms. 
  • Building and scaling up solutions customised to the language, cultural nuances, and Internet accessibility of individual communities can give girls equal access to knowledge through digital inclusion.
  • The World Bank notes that over 43% of Indian STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) graduates are women. 
  • However, not all of them are represented in the workforce and tech leadership. 
  • Although STEM education among girls appears to have picked up pace over the years, there are prevailing stereotypes that characterise it as a traditionally masculine domain.

Breaking stereotypes:

  • Gender norms that disproportionately allocate domestic and care responsibilities to women, representation of men as leaders of STEM, finance, and entrepreneurial fields in the public perception, and institutional mechanisms are some of the barriers that explain why increased women’s representation in STEM education does not translate into work participation. 
  • Actively countering these stereotypes calls for the inclusion of grade-appropriate STEM, financial education, and entrepreneurship syllabi into the educational curriculum for girls. 
  • Introducing elements such as Olympiads, innovation labs, bootcamps and competitions can expose girls to practical applications and inspire them to build solutions to challenges in their ecosystem.

Recognise, reduce and redistribute unpaid work:

  • From domestic chores to caring for loved ones, the backbone of thriving families, communities and economies largely falls on women. 
  • It increases in times of crisis such as the COVID-19 pandemic, that starkly brought out women’s disproportionate care burden. 
  • In India, this was exacerbated owing to socio-cultural norms that relegate women to unpaid reproductive labour. 
  • Thus, it is crucial for us to recognise, reduce and redistribute unpaid care and domestic work, so that women may enjoy economic opportunities and outcomes on an equal footing to men. 
  • Policies that provide services, social protection and basic infrastructure, promote sharing of domestic and care work between men and women, and create more paid jobs in the care economy, are urgently needed to accelerate progress on women’s economic empowerment.


  • A multi-pronged approach across enhancing employability, sport for leadership, digital innovations and learning, and bodily autonomy is the key to strengthening leadership abilities among adolescent girls and young women.
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